On Thursday, the FCC will vote to eliminate regulations that prohibit internet service providers from blocking, slowing, or speeding up the delivery of data based on business relationships they have with the content providers. Having failed to sway the agency to change course, opponents are making a last-ditch effort to save neutrality by asking Congress to intervene—at least delaying the vote until a few outstanding matters, like potentially a million fraudulent public comments, can be sorted out.

One group of petitioners is making an especially strong case to Congress: We know the FCC is wrong about the internet, because we created it. Today 21 tech giants—including web inventor Tim Berners-Lee, TCP/IP co-creator Vint Cerf, public-key cryptography inventor Whitfield Diffie, and Apple cofounder Steve Wozniak—sent an open letter to legislators.

Addressing the senior Republican and Democrat on the Senate and House committees overseeing the FCC, the letter includes some of the familiar concerns about the value of a free internet. But it also trashes Ajit Pai’s plan on technical grounds, pointing to a 43-page paper close to 200 experts had submitted during the public comment period for his plan. “It is important to understand that the FCC’s proposed Order is based on a flawed and factually inaccurate understanding of Internet technology,” reads the letter.

It all has to do with how you describe exactly what an ISP does.

Ma Bell Vs. CompuServe

In 2015, the Democratic-controlled FCC changed the game on net neutrality by labeling ISPs a “telecommunications service.” That allowed the FCC to…

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